Freud’s theory has been repeatedly criticised for pansexuality and extreme naturalism. It was argued that Freud in his psychological analyses ignores the importance of the influence of the environment on the development of the individual. Freud told his opponents that sexual instincts deserved to be distinguished, because as the only instinct he does not care about the interest of the individual, but in a sense, he devotes himself to the general (species).
Fraud criticised when he believed that hysteria could have just women and women are jealous and envy of the penis. A Freud was not made a research theory was just storytelling for instance in the case of “Little Hans”, he healing a young man by letter? Without any research. However I belive that Freud brought a lot for present psychoanlaitical psychology.
McLeod (2013) suggests that a limitation of this theory is that it implies human behaviour as being under the control of unconscious forces which an individual is not consciously aware of. It assumes that what the client is saying is not the critical part of their story when may not be the case. Personal I belive that is the important part of process in terapeutic relationship.
Outlines a fundamental concept of psychoanalysis which is the function of the unconscious mind. Childhood experiences are viewed as hugely important within psychodynamic therapy as these experiences can affect an individual’s adult life.
These approaches are based on stages of development and are interpretive. The counsellor will work towards making the unconscious conscious and through exploring resistance (e.g., showing strength to counselling may be related to memories of hospital/prison) and defences (strategies employed to avoid threat) according to Freud, S. (1997). Amounts of research is still on process to figure out the advantage and disadvantage of psychoanalitical aproaches.